Distinguished prospective participants and guests,
By no coincidence have we borrowed this year’s theme from a report prepared as a part of #UNat70 celebration in 2014 by the Commision on Global Security, Justice and Governance led by Madeleine Albright. Now, just before its 75th birthday, the United Nations seems more uncertain than ever – in times when fundamental values on which it was founded, such as sovereignty, protection of basic human rights, rule of law, and democracy, are being undermined. Lastly, at times when the biggest threats, in particular the climate change, are often ignored by some of the world leaders.
That is why we, university students, must engage in the global debate. Model United Nations conferences have always been an excellent platform for youth across the world to exchange views and propose solutions to the most convoluted of international affairs. Additionally, it also provides the participants with an outstanding opportunity to improve their public speaking and negotiation abilities outside the academic curriculum.
PolMUN in its long history has helped shape thousands of young people, many of whom went on to pursue a career in diplomacy. Since 2015, the conference has been organized in Warsaw by students from its best universities – the University of Warsaw and Warsaw School of Economics and supported by the state’s most prestigious institutions such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Senate of the Republic of Poland or the Office of Polish Commisioner for Human Rights.
The reason for the conference’s international recognition is its team’s constant effort to provide the delegates with the best MUN experience – starting on discussions on thought-provoking and recent topics, through immaculately led proceedings, ending on excellent social events. This year, we have also prepared a few innovative surprises that will be unraveled promptly. We cannot wait to welcome you this December in Warsaw!
Academic Polish Model United Nations 2019
The Security Council is the United Nations’ most powerful and permanent body, with „primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.” Five powerful sit sit as „permanent members” (the USA, the UK, France, Russia and China) along with ten elected members with two-year terms. Since 1990, the Council has dramatically increased its activity and it now meets in nearly continuous session. It dispatches military operations, imposes sanctions, mandates arms inspections, deploys election monitors and more. Its outcome documents are legally binding. Though immensely powerful, the SC is often criticised due to the veto power held by the permanent members that allows them to block inconvenient resolutions.
Council of the European Union
Council of the European Union is a body consisting of representatives of all European Union member states (27). Often described as the EU decision maker, in cooperation with the European Parliament, it passes legislation on vast variety of topics ranging from economical and fiscal policies to culture and youth. Council also serves as a sort of a EU international affairs committee as it develops common foreign and security policies and concludes international agreements. The council meets in 10 different configurations depending on topics discussed meaning that states are represented by a minister competent in the matter.
Economic and Social Council
The council was designed to be the UN’s main venue for the discussion of international economic and social issues and therefore is a permanent body of the United Nations. ECOSOC conducts studies; formulates resolutions, recommendations, and conventions for consideration by the General Assembly; and coordinates the activities of various UN organizations. Most of ECOSOC’s work is performed in functional commissions on topics such as narcotics, population, social and economical development, statistics, and science and technology; the council also oversees regional commissions for Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Western Asia, Latin America, and Africa. The UN charter allows ECOSOC to grant consultative status to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
Human Right Council
The UN HRC was established in 2006 following a resolution by the UN General Assembly. At the same time, the UN closed the former Commission on Human Rights. The UN HRC meets a number of times each year and is able to deal with emergency situations where human rights are being violated as they arise. The Council, composing of 47 states elected for three-year terms, serves as a forum for dialogue among States, with input from other stakeholders. As a result of its discussions, the Council may issue resolutions calling on States to take specific actions or uphold certain principles, or it may create mechanisms to investigate or monitor questions of concern.
International Criminal Court
International Criminal Court established in the 1998’s Rome Statute is not a UN body, however it works closely with the organization. The tribunal serves as a sort of a permanent ‘world court’ for the criminals prosecuted on counts of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and since recently crimes of aggression. Currently, there are 122 states recognising its jurisdiction, excluding the biggest world players such as the USA, Russia or China. The tribunal consists of 18 judges and the president who can cast a decisive vote in case of a tie. Most of the cases are brought up by the Office of the Prosecutor, who opens an investigation in a given situation. Under the article 13 of the Rome Statute the Security Council may also request an inquiry of the Prosecutor.